On 22 March 1933, less than three months after Adolf Hitler was appointed German Chancellor, the first concentration camp of the Nazi regime was established in the town of Dachau, about 10 miles northwest of Munich, in Southern Germany.
On 22 March 1943 the first gas chamber, used to murder Jews and others persecuted by the Nazis, became operational at Auschwitz-Birkenau.
Every year on 21 March, World Poetry Day celebrates poets and the reading, writing and teaching of poetry.
On 13 March 1943, Julian Scherner, commander of the SS and Police in the Kraków district, Poland, ordered the ‘liquidation’ of the Kraków Ghetto.
Each year on 8 March, people across the world celebrate the social, economic, cultural and political achievements of women for International Women’s Day.
On 4 March 2009, an arrest warrant was issued for the then President of Sudan, Omar al-Bashir, by the International Criminal Court (ICC) on five charges of crimes against humanity and two counts of war crimes for his role in the Genocide in Darfur.
The first Thursday in March every year is World Book Day. It is a chance to celebrate books and reading, and is marked in over 100 countries throughout the world.
In February and March 1943 non-Jewish wives and relatives of Jewish men who had been arrested by the Gestapo staged a nonviolent protest in Rosenstrasse (Rose Street) in Berlin.
On 26 February 1943, the first transport of Roma and Sinti people from Germany arrived at the Auschwitz-Birkenau camp complex.
February is LGBT (Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender) History Month, which aims to promote equality and diversity by increasing the visibility of lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) people, their history, lives and their experiences. It promotes awareness, safety and wellbeing, and can be a time to learn about Nazi persecution of gay people.