On 13 March 1943, Julian Scherner, commander of the SS and Police in the Kraków district, Poland, ordered the ‘liquidation’ of the Kraków Ghetto.
Each year on 8 March, people across the world celebrate the social, economic, cultural and political achievements of women for International Women’s Day.
On 4 March 2009, an arrest warrant was issued for the then President of Sudan, Omar al-Bashir, by the International Criminal Court (ICC) on five charges of crimes against humanity and two counts of war crimes for his role in the Genocide in Darfur.
The first Thursday in March every year is World Book Day. It is a chance to celebrate books and reading, and is marked in over 100 countries throughout the world.
In February and March 1943 non-Jewish wives and relatives of Jewish men who had been arrested by the Gestapo staged a nonviolent protest in Rosenstrasse (Rose Street) in Berlin.
On 26 February 1943, the first transport of Roma and Sinti people from Germany arrived at the Auschwitz-Birkenau camp complex.
February is LGBT (Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender) History Month, which aims to promote equality and diversity by increasing the visibility of lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) people, their history, lives and their experiences. It promotes awareness, safety and wellbeing, and can be a time to learn about Nazi persecution of gay people.
On 27 January 1945, Soviet soldiers liberated Auschwitz-Birkenau, the largest Nazi concentration and extermination camp.
On 20 January 1942 Reinhard Heydrich, chief of the Nazi security service, chaired a meeting in Berlin that would become known as the Wannsee Conference.
On 7 January 1979 Vietnamese troops seized the Cambodian capital of Phnom Penh, toppling the brutal regime of Pol Pot and his party, the Khmer Rouge.