On the night of 2/3 August 1944, the ‘Gypsy Family Camp’ (The Zigeunerlager) at Auschwitz-Birkenau was liquidated. 2,897 men, women and children of Roma or Sinti origin were murdered in the gas chambers by Nazi officers. Their bodies were burned in pits.
On 2 August 1943 Jewish prisoners revolted at the Treblinka Extermination Camp in the east of occupied Poland, causing some damage and allowing a few hundred prisoners to escape.
On 1 August 1936 the Games of the 11th Olympiad began in Berlin, in a climate of heightening political and racial persecution in Nazi Germany.
On 26 July 2010 following a trial that lasted for nine months Kaing Guek Eav, better known as Comrade Duch, was sentenced to 35 years in prison for his role in the Genocide in Cambodia.
On 23 July 2004 the US Congress unanimously declared ongoing atrocities in Darfur to be genocide.
On 22 July 1944 Soviet forces arrived at Majdanek Concentration and Extermination Camp in Eastern Poland. The camp was the first to be liberated from Nazi control, and Soviet officials invited journalists to see the horrors of Nazi oppression.
On 21 July 2008, former Bosnian Serb politician Radovan Karadžić was arrested in Belgrade.
On 16 and 17 July 1942, a raid and mass arrest was carried out in Paris by French police. 13,152 Jewish men, women and children were detained. Most of the captives in Paris were taken to the Velodrome d’Hiver (Vel d’Hiv) in the 15th Arrondissement of Paris, near the Eiffel Tower.
On 14 July 1933, just a few months after the Nazi Party’s rise to power, a law was put into effect which allowed for the forced sterilisation of Germans with physical or mental health conditions assumed to be hereditary.
On 14 July 2011 the Doha Document for Peace was signed by the government of Sudan and the Liberation and Justice Movement – an umbrella group of rebel splinter factions – in Doha, Qatar.