On 1 August 1936 the Games of the 11th Olympiad began in Berlin, in a climate of heightening political and racial persecution in Nazi Germany.
On 26 July 2010 following a trial that lasted for nine months Kaing Guek Eav, better known as Comrade Duch, was sentenced to 35 years in prison for his role in the Genocide in Cambodia.
On 23 July 2004 the US Congress unanimously declared ongoing atrocities in Darfur to be genocide.
On 22 July 1944 Soviet forces arrived at Majdanek Concentration Camp in Eastern Poland. The camp was the first to be liberated from Nazi control, and Soviet officials invited journalists to see the horrors of Nazi oppression.
On 21 July 2008, former Bosnian Serb politician Radovan Karadžić was arrested in Belgrade.
On 16 and 17 July 1942, a raid and mass arrest was carried out in Paris by French police. 13,152 Jewish men, women and children were detained. Most of the captives in Paris were taken to the Velodrome d’Hiver (Vel d’Hiv) in the 15th Arrondissement of Paris, near the Eiffel Tower.
On 14 July 1933, just a few months after the Nazi Party’s rise to power, a law was put into effect which allowed for the forced sterilisation of Germans with physical or mental health conditions assumed to be hereditary.
On 12 July 1995, the Bosnian Serb forces under the command of General Mladić began separating men, between the ages of 12 and 77, from women and children in the UN ‘safe area’ of Srebrenica.
On 12 July 2010 the International Criminal Court (ICC) charged the Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir with three counts of genocide committed during the conflict in Darfur on three African tribes – Fur, Masalit and Zaghawa.
On 11 July 1995, Bosnian Serb forces under the command of Ratko Mladić entered the town of Srebrenica and began planning the deportation of women and children from the area.