Each year on 17 May, the UK and countries across the world mark the International Day Against Homophobia, Biphobia and Transphobia (IDAHOBIT).
On 6 May 1933, the Institute of Sexology, an academic foundation devoted to sexological research and the advocacy of homosexual rights, was broken into and occupied by Nazi-supporting youth. Several days later the entire contents of the library were removed and burned.
On 5 May 1945, Mauthausen Concentration Camp was liberated by the US Army.
On 2 May 1933, just three months after Adolf Hitler’s appointment as Chancellor of Germany, the SA and police occupied the offices of German Trade Unions, seizing control of them.
On 29 April 1945 the prisoners of Dachau were liberated by US Army soldiers. Dachau was the first concentration camp to be constructed by the Nazis and one of the last to be liberated. Over 180,000 individuals had been imprisoned in the camp by the time it was liberated.
On 22 April 1945 Soviet troops liberated the concentration camp at Sachsenhausen, 20 miles north of Berlin. They found 3,000 unguarded, weak and ill prisoners. These were the people who were too unwell to join the forced death march, which set off from Sachsenhausen the day before liberation.
On 15 April 1945, British troops liberated Bergen-Belsen Concentration Camp.
The Buchenwald Concentration Camp was liberated on 11 April 1945 by American troops.
International Roma Day is an opportunity for us all to celebrate Romani culture and raise awareness of the issues facing Roma people.
On 1 April 1935, the Reich and Prussian Minister of the Interior issued an order to local authorities to close down the Watchtower Society – criminalising the Jehovah’s Witnesses who lived in Germany at that time.