On 12 July 1995, the Bosnian Serb forces under the command of General Mladić began separating men, between the ages of 12 and 77, from women and children in the UN ‘safe area’ of Srebrenica.
On 12 July 2010 the International Criminal Court (ICC) charged the Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir with three counts of genocide committed during the conflict in Darfur on three African tribes – Fur, Masalit and Zaghawa.
On 11 July 1995, Bosnian Serb forces under the command of Ratko Mladić entered the town of Srebrenica and began planning the deportation of women and children from the area.
On 9 July 2011 South Sudan achieved independence as a nation state after a six-year peace process.
On 30 June 1940, the Nazis began their invasion of the Channel Islands – a group of British Crown dependency islands off the coast of France. This was the result of the German invasion of Western Europe. From May 1940, Nazi troops had been moving west. They captured Belgium, the Netherlands, Luxembourg and France in quick succession, with Paris falling to the Germans on 14 June 1940.
Former President of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, Slobodan Milošević, was arrested by Serbian authorities in April 2001.
On 24 June 1900, Raphael Lemkin – the man who coined the word ‘genocide’ – was born. Lemkin was deeply saddened by massacres of the past and was affected by genocide himself when his own family were murdered during the Holocaust. He dedicated his life to getting genocide officially recognised as a crime by nations across the world.
On 23 June 1944 the International Red Cross sent a delegation to inspect the Theresienstadt concentration camp (often referred to as Terezin). The Nazis made temporary improvements to the camp to give the visitors a positive impression, and continued with deportations soon afterwards.
Each year on 20 June, the world celebrates World Refugee Day. This day recognises and celebrates the contribution of refugees to society across the world.
Refugee week takes place every year around World Refugee Day on 20 June, and celebrates the contributions of refugees to the UK.