On 9 July 2011 South Sudan achieved independence as a nation state after a six-year peace process.
On 30 June 1940, the Nazis began their invasion of the Channel Islands – a group of British Crown dependency islands off the coast of France. This was the result of the German invasion of Western Europe. From May 1940, Nazi troops had been moving west. They captured Belgium, the Netherlands, Luxembourg and France in quick succession, with Paris falling to the Germans on 14 June 1940.
Former President of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, Slobodan Milošević, was arrested by Serbian authorities in April 2001.
On 24 June 1900, Raphael Lemkin – the man who coined the word ‘genocide’ – was born. Lemkin was deeply saddened by massacres of the past and was affected by genocide himself when his own family were murdered during the Holocaust. He dedicated his life to getting genocide officially recognised as a crime by nations across the world.
Each year on 20 June, the world celebrates World Refugee Day. This day recognises and celebrates the contribution of refugees to society across the world.
Refugee week takes place every year around World Refugee Day on 20 June, and celebrates the contributions of refugees to the UK.
Every June, we celebrate Gypsy, Roma and Traveller History Month (GRTHM) in the UK.
On 13 June 1938 German police began a week of operations against Roma and Sinti people in Germany.
On 26 May 2011, General Ratko Mladić was captured and arrested after avoiding arrest for 16 years.
Each year on 17 May, the UK and countries across the world mark the International Day Against Homophobia, Transphobia and Biphobia (IDAHOTB).