Sobibor, an extermination camp in a small village in present-day Poland, operated as a killing centre from 1942-1943 as part of Operation Reinhard – part of the Nazi’s final solution to exterminate all of European Jewry.
National Hate Crime Awareness Week takes place in October every year, and is an opportunity to raise awareness of what hate crime is and stand by those affected by it.
On 5 October 1938, after a meeting between Heinrich Rothmund, the Head of the Swiss Police, and Nazi leaders in Berlin, it was agreed that all German Jewish citizens should have their passports stamped with an identifying letter ‘J’.
Every year on National Poetry Day, people across the UK celebrate, discover and share poems.
Black History Month takes place in October every year and promotes understanding of black cultural history and legacy as well as celebrating the contributions of black people to British society.
On 15 September 1935, two distinct laws were announced at a Nazi party rally in Nuremberg, collectively known as the Nuremberg Laws.
12 August marks the annual United Nations’ International Youth Day. This day is an opportunity for governments and others to draw attention to youth issues worldwide.
On 7 August 1992, British journalist Ed Vulliamy, alongside fellow journalists Penny Marshall and Ian Williams, became the first to report from the Omarska concentration camp in the Prijedor region of northern Bosnia.
On the night of 2/3 August 1944, the ‘Gypsy Family Camp’ (The Zigeunerlager) at Auschwitz-Birkenau was liquidated. 2,897 men, women and children of Roma or Sinti origin were murdered in the gas chambers by Nazi officers. Their bodies were burned in pits.
On 2 August 1943 Jewish prisoners revolted at the Treblinka Extermination Camp in the east of occupied Poland, causing some damage and allowing a few hundred prisoners to escape.