On 5 May 1945, Mauthausen Concentration Camp was liberated by the US Army.
Introduced in Israel in 1953, Yom HaShoah is the date in the Jewish calendar for Jews around the world to mourn the loss of the six million Jewish people murdered during the Holocaust and the damage and destruction caused to millions more lives.
On 29 April 1945 the prisoners of Dachau were liberated by US Army soldiers. Dachau was the first concentration camp to be constructed by the Nazis and one of the last to be liberated. Over 180,000 individuals had been imprisoned in the camp by the time it was liberated.
On 22 April 1945 Soviet troops liberated the concentration camp at Sachsenhausen, 20 miles north of Berlin. They found 3,000 unguarded, weak and ill prisoners. These were the people who were too unwell to join the forced death march, which set off from Sachsenhausen the day before liberation.
19 April 1943 marks the start of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising, in which Jewish inhabitants of the Warsaw Ghetto fought against the Nazi regime.
On 15 April 1945, British troops liberated Bergen-Belsen Concentration Camp.
The Buchenwald Concentration Camp was liberated on 11 April 1945 by American troops.
On 13 March 1943, Julian Scherner, commander of the SS and Police in the Kraków district, Poland, ordered the ‘liquidation’ of the Kraków Ghetto.
In February and March 1943 non-Jewish wives and relatives of Jewish men who had been arrested by the Gestapo staged a nonviolent protest in Rosenstrasse (Rose Street) in Berlin.
On 27 January 1945, Soviet soldiers liberated Auschwitz-Birkenau, the largest Nazi concentration and extermination camp.